We are currently witnessing a profound change in the automotive world with the exponential growth of the electric vehicle market. Meanwhile, the network of charging infrastructures is expanding to make their use easier.
Electric vehicle sales have never been higher in Europe. In 2018, nearly 200,000 zero-emission vehicles* were registered in Europe, an increase of 45% compared with 2017. In 2019, figures grew to more than 360,000 registrations, a further increase of over 70% compared to the previous year. The market is driven by Norway and the Netherlands which, together, represent almost a third of the electric vehicles sold in Europe.
And the rise is set to continue: the 2025 market is estimated at 2 million units. Scandinavia will continue to be a strong contributor, but sales prospects are also high in the United Kingdom, Germany and France.
Worldwide, electric car registrations hit 1,26 million in 2018. This figure is in sharp contrast with the 330,000 sales in 2015. Sales are expected to continue climbing towards an estimated 6 million registrations in 2025.
While there were only 300,000 electric cars in China in 2013, the country is the world’s largest consumer today. Out of the 1,1 million electrified vehicles sold in China in 2018, 700,000 were 100% electric. In 2019, that figure jumped to 800,000, and sales forecasts for electric vehicles in China for 2025 are now set at 4 million. The figure shows that China will absorb two-thirds of global electric vehicle sales within five years.
Today, thanks to the latest generation of electric cars such as the new Renault ZOE, it is possible to travel up to 395 kilometers (WLTP cycle**) without recharging. The increase in the number of charging points will make charging easier and increase their range. However, the vast majority of Europeans believe that it is essential to have a charging station at home or at work in order to make the switch to electromobility.
Public authorities are introducing legislations to help individuals be better equipped. A European directive, further enforced by local laws, facilitates the procedures for the inhabitants of collective buildings to acquire recharging infrastructures, and makes this equipment obligatory in the construction of new buildings. In addition, car manufacturers and private operators are rolling out, via consortiums, easily accessible fast or semi-fast charging networks, with or without subscription.
The complementarity between recharging at home, at work, on semi-fast charging roadside stations and highway superchargers offers a range of solutions that provide peace of mind when using an electric vehicle. Today, the number of public recharging points is approaching 200,000 in Europe (including nearly 30,000 in France). This number will grow 500,000 this year, and 3 million by 2030. In France, for example, the goal is to reach 100,000 stations in 2022, and then continue to accelerate with a target of 1,5 million by 2035.
* Zero emissions: neither CO2 nor regulated air pollutants while driving, according to the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure emission test cycle, excluding wear parts.
** WLTP range, Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure (standardized cycle: 57% urban driving, 25% suburban driving, 18% highway driving).
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